There are a lot of preconceived notions about what matters on Instagram in 2020. For example, people think that most Instagram users are young women. They also think that the more hashtags they use on a post, the better. Is all of this true or is it just urban legend? Keep reading to learn the facts about Instagram in 2020.
Common myths about Instagram users
Most people think that Instagram is primarily used by American women in their twenties or thirties. If you ask people who is the most followed person on Instagram, a large percentage will tell you Kim Kardashian West. But is any of this true in 2020?
Who are the biggest Instagram users in 2020?
Surprisingly, it is men aged 25-34! They comprised 18% of Instagram users in October 2019, according to a study conducted by Sprout Social. Women in this age group comprised 17% of Instagram users.
The next most active demographic on Instagram was again men: this time, the ones aged 18-24 years old. They comprised 16% of Instagram users in this time period. Women in this age group comprised 14% of Instagram users.
It is only in demographics 35 years and older that women are more active on Instagram than men.
Who has the most Instagram followers?
It is not Kim Kardashian West. Rather, it is footballer Cristiano Ronaldo. According to Wikipedia, he has 198 million followers. Kim Kardashian West has only 157 million, which doesn’t even put her in the Top 5 most followed accounts. Her sister Kylie Jenner has 158 million followers- a million more than Kim.
Of the Top 10 most followed Instagram accounts (removing Instagram itself from the list), four of them are men. Clearly, the shifting demographics of Instagram are causing a change in which accounts are the most followed.
Which country has the most Instagram followers
This actually matches expectations. The US has the highest concentration of Instagram users: 116 million, followed by India, which has 73 million users. Brazil comes third with 72 million users. The only European countries to make it into the Top 10 were the UK (22.9 million users) and Germany (19.9 million users).
Common myths about Instagram engagement
Brands use Instagram to reach new customers, interact with existing customers and sell product (via connecting with a Facebook store). One of the primary ways they try to reach new customers is using hashtags. They also try to maximize engagement by posting on specific days and times. But do these factors really drive reach and engagement?
We had a similar question about LinkedIn engagement. After years of posting on LinkedIn for various clients, we came to the conclusion that it didn’t matter which day of the week we posted. This flies in the face of common wisdom. There are countless blog posts stating that certain days are better than others, but none of them show any real data to back this up. So we decided to test our theory scientifically using multivariate regression analysis. The results backed up our hypothesis: there is no best day to post on LinkedIn in 2020.
Why “common wisdom” has become urban legend
Social media sites have evolved considerably since Facebook launched in 2004. They are no longer about facilitating the connection of friends, family and colleagues. Now, they are complex money making machines focused on generating advertising revenue for their shareholders. Facebook (which owns Instagram) generates over $16 billion per quarter in ad revenue. Given the money at stake, social media sites constantly change their algorithms to make sure people spend as much time on the sites as possible so they can serve them ads. In 2020, none of the major sites serve users posts based solely on when they were posted.
How Instagram serves posts
Instagram prioritizes content from friends and family. They prioritize posts in a users feed based upon “Interest, Relationship and Timeliness.”
Prioritizing posts based upon interest means if there’s a certain genre of content that you engage with more frequently (e.g. fashion), these types of posts will show towards the top of your feed. Prioritizing on relationship means that, “No matter how many accounts you follow, you should see your best friend’s latest posts.” Prioritizing on timeliness implies that recent posts likely rank higher in your feed and that the timing of your post is still relevant.
Although Instagram does include time in its algorithms, we were not convinced it was a primary driver. What we have observed, in the past year, is that interaction with posts appears to drive not only reach, but also drive profile visits. So we decided to use multivariate regression analysis to test this.
We tested our theory using regression analysis, a statistical method that is used to find the relationship between two variables. Regression analysis determines whether an independent variable (a factor that will influence the dependent variable) affects a dependent variable (what you are trying to predict). If the dependent variable is shown to affect the dependent variable, the regression tells us how much. Multivariate regression analysis tests more than one dependent variable.
We used a year’s worth of Instagram posts from one of our client’s accounts. They posted regularly for a year, on different days of the week. Their posts were a mix of single photos, videos and photo carousels. Word count and hashtag use varied across posts. We left out all promoted posts, leaving a sample size of 95.
If you want to learn specifics about our regression analysis, don’t hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to share our spreadsheets. For the sake of simplicity and brevity, we are only detailing the results in this post.
Does it matter what day of the week you post on Instagram?
In short, no!
We ran two separate regressions using data from our client’s Instagram account. The first one tested whether the following variables affected a post’s reach: Day of the week it was posted, number of hashtags, number of words in the post, whether the post contained a video, whether the post was a carousel of photos, the number of likes, the number of comments and the number of shares.
The second regression tested whether the above variables affected the number of times the profile was visited.
In both of the regressions, the day of the week was not statistically significant.
Both of the regressions had R squared numbers around .7 and very small (7.53 e-07 and 1.28e-06) significance F levels. This means that they were good fits and we can draw conclusions from them. However, the regression for profile visits had a much smaller standard of error, meaning it is much more accurate. This makes sense, as the first regression tests reach, which is dependent upon Instagram’s algorithm. We believe the large standard of error (115.9) is caused by the unknown factors in Instagram’s algorithm.
The second regression, which tested profile visits, involves a person’s behavior after the Instagram algorithm worked its magic. We believe this led to its low (8.4) standard of error.
Does it matter how many hashtags you use?
Somewhat surprisingly, hashtag use did not affect either regression. Part of the reason might be that the client used a poor selection of hashtags- we will be running another test in the future to see if the results stand.
However, our instinct is that consumers don’t use hashtags nearly as much as digital marketers think they do. This is backed up by a recent study on Instagram posts from big brands. They use hashtags very differently than smaller businesses. Prada (@prada), for example, uses hashtags sparingly. They tend to use #PradaEditorials, #Prada or #PradaPeople in their posts. The majority of their posts use only one or two hashtags. Interestingly, they are always for branding purposes- not so people can find their posts. Other big fashion houses use hashtags in a similar manner: to build their brands.
Supreme, which was arguably the first big brand to really leverage selling via Instagram, no longer uses any hashtags in its posts.
The following chart backs this up. The results are consistent with our regression results: hashtags don’t drive post reach or profile visits. This is something that marketing teams at big brands have figured out, while smaller businesses are stuck confusing facts with urban legends.
What does matter?
In both regressions, there were three statistically significant factors that drove both reach and profile visits:
- Number of post shares
- Number of post comments
- Number of post likes
Interestingly, the number of comments was significant in both regressions, which we didn’t expect. However, in retrospect it makes sense. We noticed that certain posts from this client generated a large number of profile visits, but we couldn’t explain why as the number of comments wasn’t on our radar screen. Instagram’s algorithm must be giving them a lot of weight, even though it isn’t discussed much in the digital marketing community.
Content that drives interaction is clearly king in 2020.
If you want to maximize your reach and profile visits on Instagram, our recommendation is to carefully examine your past posts. Take full advantage of the analytics that come with your Instagram business account. Look at the posts that had a lot of comments, likes and share and identify what they have in common. Use this knowledge to create posts that generate high engagement.
Do you have a business Instagram page and have consistently posted for at least six months? We are looking for more data to run further tests. If you would like to share your data with us, we will provide you with a full analysis of your posting strategy. We will tell you what works and what doesn’t and offer you advice on how you can drive impressions and engagement. Contact us today to learn more!